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ѴѴҳ ҧ¡اظҪҹ Ӻźҹ 6 ͧ͡ҹȵѹԴѺҾ ͧ Ѻ਴·ѺѴѵҸҪ Ѩغѹҡͧҡͧçdz਴· 繡دҳ԰ͻٹѧ˹ ѴѴ ѧ¡ѹ “Ѵ” ҧ “ѴҪ” ҧ 㹻Ѩغѹ¡Ѵ1 ҡҧѪ ѹɰҹҧ¡ 415

ѴѴغըӾ 觾غͧ繾ҪҤ 稾 Ҹ ¾ع оʧѹѺԺͧٻ ͡仵駾оطʹҺǪźص׺оطʹѧѧҷջ ;.. 2296 ѵاѧҵԴ͢;ԡʧ͡仿鹿پоطʹ㹻ѧ 觡ѧҡ Ҿԡ ѹ˵ѧԴطʹҿ鹿٢ա ԡʧغ仺Ǫն֧ 700 ٻ 300 ٻ ֧¡ҡѹ “غǧ” ;ǧ׺Ҩءѹ2


Ѵ3


Ѵ繷駤¾ҷء駷¡Ѿاظ ͤǺ鹷ҧҤҧ ˹Ѵ繺dzҡžշҺèѺҾ ѹ繨شطʵӤѭͧظ㹡͹¡ѧŨҡ¹͡ѧ㹾й ҹѧͧѴѧ繷觡ҧժ¡ “觻઴” ѹ繺dzաúѹҧ¡Ѻ С÷Ѵҧҹȵѹ çѺҪѧǧظ Ѵ˹㹷駢ͧ͢ҡظա

ѧҡاظ㹻 .. 2310 ҷѴ鹨Ѵҧ ѡҹǶ֧Ѵ 㹹Ⱦкҷͧع ͹˹

“Ѵ
͡駨ԧͨШ㹤¹
਴١Ҵ
­ʶدԪشѧ
֧Ѵ
ͧ˹ǧѧѧ
صçѷһзѧ
ҧҧͧ
ѧǪѴҷ
֧ҧѧͧ
͹ءըԹҤͧ
دͧ”

¤㹡͹ʴ繪Ѵ “ѧѧ” ʴһѧó ѧѧͧ鹨繼 ͡ҡ稾ҹ ҿҡǧ͹ѡ (ͧԹ) 觻ٵͻբ طѡҪ 2289 蹴Թ稾Һ 觤繤ӤѭͧѴ ֧Һóѧóǻ .. 2328 - 2348 ͹˹ҷзǧ㹻 .. 2350

ѺúóѧóѪŷ 1 觡اѵԹ Ҫҹ “ѴҪ” հҹ繾ǧѭ 㹻 .. 2449 çѺѪŷ 5 աҧ 1 ѧ 1 ѧ ҡ­ 1 ѧ ѧҡ鹡աúóЫСҧҤеͧҵʹ4

Ѵ਴иҹçҹзѡԳ繻иҹͧѴ õҧȵѹ͡ оʶҧҹѧͧ਴иҹҧȵѹ ǹЦѧӷҧȵѹ͡ ࢵѧ

دԷӷ繡دͧ鹹鹻Ѩغѹ Ҥ÷çҾԵáҼѧ 4 ҹ ͧطѵ෾ ûŧҹ окҷѡɳ Ѫŷ 5

㹾ط ʶ о਴ ҳࢵҧҧ˭ աᾧͺ

˹Һѹ´͡ٹ鹻Сͺٻѵҧ ժͿСһٹ ѧاͧԹ վоطٻٹͧ ਴çѧҢҴ˭ѧ ٧ҳ 20 ҹѡԳͧ鹻дѺԧͺҹ ȹТͧѡҳҷǴçͧ਴ѧá ʴѴҧ¸5


Ѵ .ظ6






Wat Thammaram

Wat Thammaram is an ancient temple built since Krung Si Ayutthaya was the capital. It is situated at Ban Pom Subdistrict, moo 6, outside the city island in the east and on the Chao Phraya River, some distance across Chedi Si Suriyothai and Wat Kasattrathirat. Nowadays, if we look across the City Island at Chedi Si Suriyothai, we will see an ancient monk dwelling made of laid bricks and mortar on the river. Originally, its name was Wat Tharama or Wat Thamma. Later, it was named “Wat Thammawat” or “Wat Ratchathammawat Worawihan”. At present, it is called “Wat Thammaram” (1), and assumed being built not less than 415 years ago.

This temple was the place where Phra Ubalee who was a Buddhist prelate stayed. King Boromakot sent Phra Ubalee, Phra Ariya Muni and another twelve monks to Langka Island (Bangladesh) to ordain people and to promote Buddhism on the island in 1753, according to the invitation of the Langka king who wanted to restore Buddhism in Sri Langka (Bangladesh). At that time, Buddhism in Sri Langka was in recession, and Buddhist monks were very rare. As a result, it led to the restoration of Buddhism in Sri Langka. Phra Ubalee ordained about 700 monks and 300 novices. Thus Buddhism there has been called “Ubalee Wong” or “Phra Siam Wong” till today (2).

Wat Thammaram (3)

Wat Thammaram had been used as the Burmese camp every time the Burmese moved their troops to invade Krung Si Ayutthaya, in order to control the water communication due to the fact that north of Wat Thammaram is the place where the Lop Buri River connects to the Chao Phraya River. In Ayutthaya period, it was the Thai important stronghold in moving troops to help protect the city. Behind Wat Thammaram, there was a wide field called “Thung Prached”, the place used for fighting between the Thai and the Burmese troops. Becauuse Wat Thammaram is situated in the west opposite the Royal Palace in Ayutthaya period; the temple was also used as the boat landing in Ayutthaya time.

After Krung Si Ayutthaya was defeated in 1767, Wat Thammaram was completely burnt down by the Burmese. As a result, it was deserted. There is evidence mentioning about Wat Thammaram in a part of lyrical poetry “Nirat Phrabat” written by Sunthorn Phu:

“Temples and temple grounds on the banks
are true according to the writings.
Chedi remains are left everywhere
and sermon halls are in ruins.
Wat Tharama made me in sorrow.
The temple where the Crown Prince,
or prince of the back palace,
had trust to renovate it.
Once it was shiny with beauty, but now deserted.
Being sympathy for Wat Thamma,
newly built in the name of Wat Tharama,
It’s like my suffering in thinking to have jewellery
and a golden crown to put on my body.”

The content in the poem shows that “Phra Wanglang (Prince of the back palace)” newly renovated it. This means Prince Anurakthewed (Thong In) who was born in the year of the tiger, 1746, in the reign of King Boromakot. He might have placed importance on Wat Thammaram and renovated it during 1785 1805 before his death in 1807.

Later, the temple was renovated again in the reign of King Rama I of Rattanakosin (Bangkok period). The king gave the name “Wat Ratchathammawat Worawihan” to the temple. It was a royal temple in Aranyawasi (the forest side). In the reign of King Rama V in 1906, a vihara, a hall for keeping the Buddhist scriptures and a sermon hall were built. After that the temple has been continuously renovated and mended (4).

Inside the temple, there was the main chedi in the round shape situated on a square base. There was also a vihara situated in the east, and the ubosot was situated behind the main chedi in the west. The hall for keeping the scriptures and the bell tower were by the river in the monks’ area in the east.

The monk dwelling on the river has two stireys. Now it is used for keeping the Buddhist scriptures, and is a Thai style house with mural paintings on the four sides of the wall. They tell biography of the Lord Buddha, the meeting of gods, lying down and doing meditation with corpses, and royal pictures of King Rama V.

Inside the religious area, there were the ubosot, the vihara, and the main chedi. The area was very wide and surrounded by walls.

Regarding the vihara, its gables contained molded flowers with models of various animals. The gable ends contained molded apexes (chorfah) and toothlike ridges (Bai Raka) on the sloping edges of the gables. The roof was covered with tiles made of baked clay. There were many Buddha images made of molded lime inside the vihara. A chedi in spherical pagoda shape with glass lotus base (Song Langka) was behind the vihara. It was 20 wa (40 meters) high. Its base was doubled levels and decorated with molded lions around it. According to archeologists’ idea, the shape of the chedi was in early “Song Langka (spherical pagoda shape with glass lotus base)” and shows that it was an old temple built in Ayutthaya period (5).

Wat Thammaram, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Province (6)

References

1. The Conservation of Antiques, Ancient Ruins and Environment Society, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. (1992). Laksana tang Kaiyapab khong Krung Si Ayutthaya (Physical Characteristics of Krung Si Ayutthaya). Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya: The Conservation of Antiques, Ancient Ruins and Environment Society, Phranakhon Si
Ayutthaya Province, p. 47.
2. Chumpengphan, Pathum. (2001). Athibai Bhumisathan Krung Si Ayutthaya(Explanation of Krung Si Ayutthaya Geographical Sites). Bangkok: Chormo Dek, p. 71.
3. A picture in “Kharawan yuan Krung Si Ayutthaya: Thedsakarn Tiew Thai 5 Phark (A Caravan Visiting Krung Si Ayutthaya: Seasons of Thai Festivals in Five Regions)”. On line in Travel Time at http://www.travelthaimagazine.com/index.php?lay=show&ac=article&ld=538695272&Ntype=52.
4. Ayutthaya Study Institute. (nd.). Ayutthaya: Kwamsamphan tangdan Sassana rawang Prathed Thai kab Prathed Sri Langka (Relationship on Religion between Thailand and Sri Langka). Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya: Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Rajabhat University.
5. The Conservation of Antiques, Ancient Ruins and Environment Society, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. (1992). Laksana tang Kaiyapab khong Krung Si Ayutthaya (Physical Characteristics of Krung Si Ayutthaya). Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya: The Conservation of Antiques, Ancient Ruins and Environment Society, Phranakhon Si
Ayutthaya Province, pp. 47 - 48.
6. Bloggang. com. (2008).A picture in “Bai Thamboon Wai Phra Gao Wat @ Ayutthaya Tornrab BeeMai Duaykan Nakha (Going to Do Merit for Nine Temples @ Ayutthaya to Welcome the New Year Together)” Retrieved December 25, 2008 on: http://www.bloggang.com.mainblog.php?id=yui-chan&month=25-12-2008&group=13&gblog=4.

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  • ӹǹ˹(): 278
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ ѴоҹҤ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 573
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ Ѵ⾸͡
  • շ: 2546
  • ӹǹ˹(): 434
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çâش ش͡Ẻ͡úóҳʶҹͧк ѴЧ
  • շ: 2542
  • ӹǹ˹(): 520
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çâش ش͡Ẻ͡úóҳʶҹͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2542
  • ӹǹ˹(): 909
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çâش ش͡Ẻ͡úóҳʶҹͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2542
  • ӹǹ˹(): 1079
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çúó Ѵʴ лѺاԷȹҳʶҹdzͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 496
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çúó Ѵʴ лѺاԷȹҳʶҹdzͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 574
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çúóлѧاҾǴҳʶҹͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 91
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çúóлѺاҾǴҳʶҹͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 96
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çúóлѺاҾǴҳʶҹͧк Ѵ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 96
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹâش͡Ẻ͡úóѴ§
  • շ: 2542
  • ӹǹ˹(): 470
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹͧ çâشҳʶҹТش鹷ҧҳѴعͧ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 439
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹͧ çâشҳʶҹТش鹷ҧҳѴҳʹ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 285
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹͧ çâشҳʶҹТش鹷ҧҳѴѡ
  • շ: 2544
  • ӹǹ˹(): 264
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ػ§ҹ çâش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 140
   
  • ˹ѧ: ç ҹóоʶ()Ѵʮҧ
  • շ: 2552
  • ӹǹ˹(): 63
 
  • ˹ѧ: çúóҳʶҹѹͧҨҡط էҳ 2550 ҹóѴ˭ (෾Ե)
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 276
   
  • ˹ѧ: çûѺاྪ
  • շ: 2543
  • ӹǹ˹(): 16
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: çÿ鹿ҳʶҹѹͧҨҡط ..2549 ҹ͹ѡҳʶҹ Ѵ⤡
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 96
   
  • ˹ѧ: çÿ鹿ҳʶҹѹͧҨҡط ..2549 §ҹúóҳʶҹѴط
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 105
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: çÿ鹿ҳʶҹѹͧҨҡط ..2549 §ҹúóҳʶҹѴҸҵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 84
   
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 71
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 74
   
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 82
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 71
   
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ ѴЧ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 64
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵ
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 72
   
  • ˹ѧ: ç͹ѡҳʶҹͧҡط ҹ͹ѡҳ Ѵͧк
  • շ: 2551
  • ӹǹ˹(): 67
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ҹó ਴иҹ ਴ е Сᾧ ѴЪ
  • շ: 2550
  • ӹǹ˹(): 332
   
  • ˹ѧ: ҹóѴдç
  • շ: 2550
  • ӹǹ˹(): 117
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: ҹѺاԷȹѴ
  • շ: 2550
  • ӹǹ˹(): 91
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش ش ᾧҪѧǧ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 587
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S1 W26 P65
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 87
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S3 W27 P19
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 70
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S4 W27 P11
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 76
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S5 W30 P26
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 137
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S6 W27 P1
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 39
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش֡ҪҳظҺdzѧѧ ش S9 W29 P85
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 89
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش͡ẺóѴԧ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 319
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش͡Ẻ͡úóѴྪ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 247
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âش͡Ẻ͡úóѴǧաش
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 111
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ âشѴɰ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 224
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ úóЫ Ѵǧ
  • շ: 2550
  • ӹǹ˹(): 181
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ úóЫҡ­ ѴѵҸҪ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 70
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ úóʶѴҡͧ (з 2)
  • շ: 2548
  • ӹǹ˹(): 120
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ çÿ鹿ҳʶҹѹͧҨҡط ..2549 Ѵʴ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 100
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ ҹشͧ͡к
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 108
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ ШӧǴҹ 1 ҹش͡Ẻ͡úó Ѵҧ Ѵ§ ˹ѡ§ Ѵ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 133
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹâش ش ҧҳѴôѵ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 106
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹâشҳʶҹҪѧǧ
  • շ: 2541
  • ӹǹ˹(): 270
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹâشҳʶҹѴ⵹
  • շ: 2540
  • ӹǹ˹(): 167
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹôԹҹҧҳ ˹ѡҿҧ
  • շ: 2552
  • ӹǹ˹(): 90
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹúó Ѵҧ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 81
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹúóЫʶþй͹Ѵ
  • շ: 2552
  • ӹǹ˹(): 102
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹúóлѺاԷȹҳʶҹѴط
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 367
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹúóѴǧ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 114
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹûԺѵԧҹ Ǵ 1 çâشлѺاҾǴҳʶҹ ѴЧ Ѵ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 208
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹûԺѵԧҹ Ǵ 3 çâشлѺاҾǴҳʶҹ ѴЧ Ѵ
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 115
 
 
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹ͹ѡоѲҳʶҹѴһٹ (óЫدʧ з 1)
  • շ: к
  • ӹǹ˹(): 76
   
  • ˹ѧ: §ҹçúóЫʶ(ѧ) Ѵǡ
  • շ: 2552
  • ӹǹ˹(): 221
 
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