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     اظһҢ¾ҸԻշ 1 (ͧ) ѹء 4 չҤ ..1893 ж١¡ͧѾ ¾͡ ѹ 7 ¹ .. 2310 ظͧǧͧҹҹ֧ 417 աѵ컡ͧ 34 ͧ Ҩҡ 5 Ҫǧ ͧ ؾó ⢷ ҷͧ кҹǧ ظվطʹẺԹҹ ʹһШҳҨѡ 㹢ǡѹѧդʹҹԭҳ оطʹẺҹ ǹǡѺʶҺѹѵͧظҹ ѧԸաԹо 駹繡ҧӹҤ֤ѡԷ 繡üҧѡͧͧ ҪҔ Ǣͧطʹѡͧ ҪҔ ǢͧԹо
     ͧͧûͧ ҳҨѡظк ѡԹҔ ͡˹ѹͧ餹ѧ ա觪鹢ͧ عҧ ʧ ɯ ͡ǴЪҧѴਹ 黡ͧ мûͧ ͡ҡѧաࡳçҹ (¶֧ЪҪ) Сҡٻ¡ ” ѹ¶֧ԵеԹ㹴ҹäҡѺҧȹ 蹴Թç١ҴäٻͧԨͧ ФѧԹҔ
ظҾչͺͧѹ֡ ظҳҨѡ÷դºҧʶҾʵ͵dz 3 Һèѹ Ҿ ӻѡ ž ظҾͺͧѹѵ աᾧͺǻҳ 12 Ѩغѹᾧ١ŧҺ繶ͺ ظ繷Һ÷ӡл١ ѧž öӡäҵҧдǡ ѧظ ֧ѡɳмҹͧҳҨѡ蹴Թ (Ǻɵ) ҳҨѡ÷ҧ (Ǻäҷҧ)
     Թᴹ繷駢ͧҳҨѡظҹ 繴Թᴹդشó ѡԪҡö͡ѹ㹡ͧԹ͹ҡ ٧дѺӷŻҳ 3.5 ·͹ҧش͡ѺԹ͹ҡ dzԴ ѧ鹴Թᴹ繷Һҧ˭ 觶١Һ·Һ٧Ҫҧҹѹ͡ зҵйշҧѹ ٧ҧҤ˹
     Ҿҧʵ蹹 Ӥѭ·ѺӨӹǹҡҡĴ ӹӽ赡˹ŧ ͡ҡ ҨӺҧС ž ӻѡ Ҿ ҧ͹ҧ ͡ѡ ҹйӹźҷ鹷ҺҤҧࢵҾ йӻ¸ҵŧҷҧ觡ѺЪҡèӹǹҡ аҹҧɵùͧ á͵ҳҨѡظ稢㹷ش
     աҹ˹ ظҵҧҡŻҳ 90 ҧ͹ͧ 觷ٻ˹ظҹҧŨҡ鹷ҧԹͷŢͧҹҪҵ ҡѡҹâͧǡا ҡҡäҷҧŢͧҪӹѡظ ҳ 400,000 ҷ ºҡѺ 25 繵 ͧӹǹԹ 1,500,00 ҷ ;طȵɷ 23
͡ӻ蹽¡اظ      ͡ҡ ҪٵʷҶ֧ ..2230 Ҿ蹴Թç ͤ˭ ´ѧ鹡äҢ·ҧŨ֧ѺѡͧҪӹѡظ äҷҧŷҪӹѡٻẺԵ ظҹ͡ҡͧǧ ѧͧա
     ;ҳԪͧظѡɳ繷͹ҹҪҵԤ ٹҧ㹡Եѳ 觵ԨСШ¡ѹ觵ҧ㹴Թᴹ֡蹴ԹҧҤ˹ Ҥҹ Ҥѹ Ҥѹ͡ ÷اظҵçdzӷҺèѹ ǤҾҷҷҧѹ ǡͧҨ֧ҹѹ͡§ ӷѡѹ˭ 鹷ҧҤӤѭͧҹҹ Եѳҧ ҡҤ˹ͨͧҹ¹Ҷ֧Ҫҹ
     ˵ع ظҨ֧ٹҧҧäҷӤѭ ԹТͧҨҡԹᴹҧ͹˹ дԹᴹҹѹ͡ (§˹) Թ͡кͧ ФѧԹҔ ͼǡѺشóͧдԹ ظҨ֧ҳҨѡҳѤ觤ҡش˹㹴Թᴹµѹ͡§ Ҥ ѧӹҨҧͧС÷աµ͹¢ͧظ һЪҡâͧͧǧըӹǹ 190,000 лЪҡ÷ȹҨԹ 2,000,00 ҹͧ觡ѡɳлԸҢͧҳҨѡ÷㹴ԹᴹᶺըӹǹЪҡõҡººѺ鹷ѹҧ˭شó
     պѹ֡ͧǵҧҵԷѧاظ ظաᾧл׹㹵˹Ӥѭ 22 еٷ 99 еٹ 繻еٺ֧ 18 е ͧش 61 ͧ леٹ 20 е ФͧѴ仵ǵѹ͡-ѹ ˹- ͢¡äҤͧ ҹкҪѧҹä ʶҹҪ÷¢ͧǵҧҵ ҧҧкѴǹ յҴ§ͧҡ㹡ᾧͧ 40 йͧ͡ 30 ͧҡͧҤҢ¹ҹҪҵ ֧յҴӢҴ˭֧ 4 еҴӢҴաҡ·ͧ觢ͧӤͧ繷駢ͧѺѺѴҧͧ Ѵ͡令ͼ׹ҡҧ˭
ᾧлҡâͧاظ
     ǹ鹷ͧ͡ҧ ҹ¢ͧǵҧҵ դѧԹ ԹҢͧҵԵҧʹš¹Թҧ˹
ͧͧظѡҹҡҨ§ѧͧ ҡѴѧ ʹԤ㹴ҹҧ ͹ Ѻ׺ôҧѵʵѲ㹺ҧҹ¡اСا෾
Ѩغѹ ҪҹբͧҪҳҨѡظҹ ࢵѧѴйظ ҧҡا෾价ҧ˹ 76 ѧҡͧ«ҡҳʶҹ 觺֧͡¸Фԭͧͧاظ Ѻâ鹷¹ôš ͻ ..2534

ҡ˹ѧ ظ Discovering Ayutthaya : ҭԷ ɵ (óҸԡ)
˹ѧ ظ Discovering Ayutthaya