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Ǩչ¡اظ
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´͡ҡ
     ͧ͡ʩͧȡŵɨչ Шӻ 2550 շҹ䫵 ҹ˹й ʹͧǡѺչظ ѧ ҧйظ֡Ҩ֧ѴǺǡѺǨչ¡اظ ءҹҺ

Ǩչ¡اظ
     Ǩչ 繡պҷӤѭҧäҵʹ¢ͧظ 駡äҳҨѡ СäҷҧҧظҡѺչЪҵԵҧ
     ѡҹ觤зٵͧչͧ㹷ҺҤҧǧҳ 70 ա͹Դظҹ ͡ҡʴ繶֧ѹԧ÷ٵСäҡѺչ ѧ¶֧Ҩҡչ礧ԹҧҤҢѧԹᴹᶺ 觡Դõ駪Ǩչ...
     Ǩչظ ǹ˭繨չΡ¹ 觨չ㹾йͧҤӤѭ 繨չպҷҪӹѡСä ǹǨչ ըӹǹ¡ 㹾йͧҹѹ͡੾зѹ ǨչǨըӹǹҡպҷҡҪӹѡСä¡اѵԹ ͡ҡѧըչ ШչӴ ᵡҧͧչҹҨҡҧšѹ §ᵡҧѹ͡
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Ҩչ
     㹪ǧҤҢ㹴Թᴹظ 觡羺 ͧءͧ赹仡ժǨչӡäǨӹǹҡ ͧҡ (ä) ҧ (ź) Ỵ (ԧ) Ҩչ (طҤ) ҹ͹ (ɮҹ) ոҪ ʧ ѵҹ 繵
     Ǩչ繡ѧظҷͧѧѴк кûͧͧظҵͧǨչ͹ǡҧҧä㹴Թᴹ ѧ鹾ͤҪǨչ֧ѺԷԾСäͧҧҡ ǧ⪮֡Ҫɰ ѡԹ 1,400 繼ǺŪǨչ ҡҫ
      蹤觢ͧҪӹѡظҨҡäкóҡ ͡äҷ仾Ѻ÷ٵͧѡþôԨչӤѭ Ҫӹѡظªҡö㹡ҢͧǨչ ǧ Шӵ˹觵ҧ ١͹ ǹ繪Ǩչ ѡԹ繢عҧдѺҧ 蹨 () ѡԹ 400 ˹, (ٷҧ) ѡԹ 200 ҵ, (źѭ˭) ѡԹ 100 顧, (·) ѡԹ 80 һ, (ⴧҧ) ѡԹ 50 ǡ, (٪Ҿ) ѡԹ 30 , () ѡԹ 30
      Թҷ仢ѧͧչǹ˭ԹҢͧ ҧ ɳ Ҫҧ ô ѹ ç ѹ Թҵ С պء мԵŷҧɵ л ӵ ԡ ҡ Թѵ ͹ ͹
      ظҵ͹ ԹӤѭͧչ ¡һ 65,000 Һ պҧ仢¶֧ 1 ҹ 5 ʹҺ ͧҡѭҷؾԡͧչ ѡþôԨչçͤҹӢҢҡ ҧç٧㨴¡Ŵ͹Թ Ҿ 觵ͤҷӢҢհҹ繢عҧչ
     ǹԹҷҨҡչ ǹ˭ԹҢͧ٧繻 ҧջҧ Ҫͧͺ зͧᴧ 繵
      չظҷӤѭ 㹾鹷ҹѹ͡й͡ой ͧӻѡ ӪǧѴѭԧ֧ҡͧлҡͧǹٹ 繷ʹ͡ӻ ѧࢵҹ֧ҹԵԹҹäҢͧǨչ

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͹Ӿ˷ç¤ ѴҸҵ .ظ
      㹽觾й ҹеҴӹǹҡ Ǩչ繾ͤҷӤѭ ҴöкҧѴ繪Ǩչ Ҵչ 繵Ҵ¢ҧ Т¢ͧ ҴѴ»е٨չ ͧͧͧͺͷ Ҵ˭¾й÷ҹ 繶Ǩҡԧоҹе٨չ件֧ԧоҹе յ֡ҹչ 2 ҡ觢ͧǧǨչ¢¢ͧ ͧͧͧͧ ͧͧ ⶪ ͧ м ԹҹҧҨҡͧչ 繵Ҵʴ繷 ҷ ҹӨ״ ¹ ¡ չ ǹҹաع ҹ´͡ԧ ¡
      çйôҹѹ͡§ Ѵó ¡ҵӺ 觽觵çӻѡ繻ҡͧûҡͧǹ ҹ¢ҧ ҹǨչТ § 駷Ӷѧ᷹ҧ͵Թ ͧ硻ҧ
      ǹ͡ой ͺ ҹǧçҢ ᶺҷͧç§٢ ҴѴҺ˹Һҹǫ 繵Ҵյ֡ 2 16 ͧ Թһ ͧ ҴҹչҡͧعФ 繵Ҵ˭յ֡ҹչӹǹҡ µҴ 1 ç˭ԧշѺҧзӪ 4 ç ǹҴҡͧѴ 繵Ҵ͡͡йôҹѹ͡һٹҡ
      㹪ǧʧ¡اظ 駷 2 ªǨչ繡ͧѧҴ˭ҡ աѧҳ 3,000 շ駨չҹ¡Шչͧǹ 繡ͧѧž鹷ҹ͹͡ой繡ͧѧ¤ͧʵҧ 駺ҹ ҹõ ҹѹѴѭԧ繷駤¢ͧǨչ ǹҵҡͧѧѴԪ
      ͡ѹջЪҡèչ͹ظ ӹǹҳ 1 蹤 ǹ˭繪

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лء¤ ¹ªʹ͡ ŻШչҪǧԧ Ǿطȵɷ 21-22


Ѵѭԧ (Ѵ¼ҹѴչ ҹǨչ¡اظ)

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оطѵ¡,ҡ,ǧ
      ѴѭԧӵçشèѹҧҾӻѡ
      Ǵ˹͡ Ѵ觹ҧ .. 1587 㹾ǴéѺҪѵŢҡ .. 1867 աҧ Ҿṧԧ 觵¡ оѭԧ ͷѨغѹѡ¡ѹ ǧⵔ
      оطٻٹ٧ 19 ͧ ҹúó¤ Ӥѭ .. 2471 ;оѡҧǹѧŧ ҿҡҹҹѴǧ ػ¡ҪѳԵ ֧ôʵҨŻ Թëоѡ ¹سҡ繷ͧᴧ繷ͧ˹ѡ֧ 54 ҷ

     ҡ ٹѷҢͧǨչ
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      չ¡оѭԧ ҡ ¶֧ ѹչ ͔ ҹѾͼ§Ҫǧԧ 鹪ԵŧѺ¡ͧ෾չ աҢҹ׺Ҩ繵ӹҹ
      ͡ѹ ͔ ԹҧѧاظҨǹ㹡ûѧóоѭԧ 繾оطٻҹѡ¢ͧǨչ ҾЫҡ ѧоѭԧ ֧͹þ ͔ 仾ѹ ѧ͡ҳͧչк Ѵѭԧ繷Һ֧֡ ͔
      ءѹȡŵɨչ ǨչѧԹҧҡҺҡ

      ǧ⵺͡ ҧ”
     ͧԹâͧǧ ͡ѹҹҹҷҹѡк͡˵·ѧԴ ¡ʴѭѡɳҧҧ餹龺 㹤âعǧѴ ҡ͹اᵡ ǧ չӵ͡ 㹹Ѵҿ ͧع觢ѧѧǶ֧ͧ
           ...ԴҾ
           Ҿ˭ҧ§§
           Һҹͧͧ筨˵
           Ⱦѧشش
           Ҽءʹءʺ
           оѡҾͧ...
      йšѧҡоѡͧǧͶŧ㹻 .. 2471 յҡԴ¹ŧûͧ

      ´͡ҡ

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´͡ҡ
      ҹҧǧ Ҩչ¡ ֡´͡ҡ õ觹 ǢͧѺӹҹͧ йҧ´͡ҡ 㹾Ǵ˹
      ҡاչպصúح йҧ´͡ҡ ͧô ɡѺ¹Ӽ駼ͧا¸ ѧҡԸɡ ¹Ӽ駡ʴ稡Ѻ͹Ѻйҧйá͹ Ѻйҧ鹨ҡʹ¾ͧͧ ˵йҧ¾з鹨ҡ عҧͧѺ价çҺ ͧçʴԭйҧµͧ Ѿ͡ҡ仡稧 йҧ֧¾з¡㨨鹾Ъ ¹Ӽ ֧ô ѭԭȾҾҪҹԧ ʶһҺdzѴѭԧ
      ӹҹͧз͹繶֧͹ʴѹҧا¸ҡѺاչҧ

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       : ҭԷ ɵ. Discovering Ayutthaya.ا෾:vachirintsarn partnership limited, .