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     ѧԡͧзѺᴧ բͤ ǭ蹷ᴹ ˹ѧͷѰŭ͡ǭ蹷ժ ͧ 觶ҵǨͺҡ˵ػ .. ( շ ) оԡͧзѺᴧش 蹹з͹繶֧ѵԤѹҧҹäáʹҷԡͧԹҧ仵Դ͡Ѻ㴡͹      ҧáǡѺԹѧظؤ͹ա͡ԡͧзѺᴧչҡ ѧ鹶Ҩ֡ͧѹ͹˹ҹеͧ֡ͧǨҡѡҹǴ Тŷҧѵʵѧҡ÷ԡͧҹ
     ˹ѧͻѵԡʵʹ˹¹ Ԫԡ (Ishigawa Jihei) յ 繤Ӥѭͧ ʹҨҡͧҧҫҡҾӹѡظ ѹ֡ѧǷѹɰҹ еͧժǭա¤ҾӹѡظҴ˵ؼǡѹ ͡ҡѧâͧҷǧ ͹ⷹ »СͺԸʹԷ¹ǭ ظ .. (..) Щй鹨ӹǹ¹ǭ蹷ʹҾӹѡظҨըӹǹҡҷҴ
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     ҡͤ¡ҧ ҺҾǡѡú٭ҹµͧҾùԹԹҧҶ֧ظ鹪Ե ǡҨ繷Ңͧǭ蹷;¾ظ ǭ蹡繷ҭ ѺҪҪӹѡظҫǶ֧ͧѧ ͡ҡѧ͹ҨѴСͪǭԹҧ仵áҡظҴ蹡ѹ ѹԵ ˹ҤѧԹѹ ظ¹ժǭ蹺ҧͷԡͧԹҧҶ֧ظԴзѺ㹷Ѿҡøҵѹشó 駡ŷҡä ǡҹ㹷شѴԹ㨵áҡ ҧáôҪǭ;¾ջѵԤЪеҡᵡҧѹҹҧըشʧ͹ҳҨѡظҴ¤ѧ ˵عѧͧǭ蹷ظҨ֧çҧ͹ҧЫѺ͹ 蹷ظҤѺҪԡ з觶֧·º»ԴȷŢͧǭѧشЧѡŧ ÷蹢¢ 㹷ش֧դ·¡dz駪 ҹ蹔 йҹ蹨֧͡Դ鹴˵شѧҹ

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Ԫ ªԡ ⷪ ¹, Ѻ֧ Ф . ѹ - .ا෾ : ŹԸçõѧʵʵ, .




The Japanese Village in Ayutthaya


Japanese people in Ayutthaya


The Japanese who went to Thailand in Ayutthaya period had a form affixed a red stamp with the content A Japanese living in Siam. This was the document that the Japanese government granting to Japanese named Yoemong. After checking with a chronicle of 1604 (1603, the ninth year of Kesho), it revealed that the piece of paper was the oldest withdrawal slip. This tells us about the long history of early trading relation. Interestingly, it tells us when the junk initially went to a country. However, there was very little information concerning navigating to Ayutthaya in the periods before the granting of withdrawal slips with red stamps. Therefore, if one wants to study the relationship before this, environmental foundations should be studied, or studied from historical information after the withdrawal slips were granted.


In a history book used for propagating Christianity, it was written down that Ishigawa Jihei turned to hold Christianity. He was an important follower of Kato Khiyomasa who escaped from Japan to live in Ayutthaya because of his changing to hold the religion. According to the record, we can estimate that there were a lot of Japanese escaping and immigrating to Ayutthaya with the same reason. Moreover, there was a testimony of a Christian priest named Antonio Cartoom who said that he granted a ceremony of Holy Communion to 400 Christian Japaneses in Ayutthaya in 1627 (2170 B.E.). As a result, there should be a lot of Christian Japaneses living in Ayutthaya more than being expected.


Besides Yoemong, There was another example of Itoya Dademong, a Japanese living in Ayutthaya. This Japanes man, after buying goods with deer leather and being a mediator of trading in Ayutthaya, he became head of the Japanese village (The Japanese village will be mentioned later). For his family name, it showed that he was in the family of Itoya Suiemong who traded with foreign countries in Nagasaki. We may estimate that in Dademongs case, he was initially an employee in Itoya store and was sent to Ayutthaya as the representative from the headquarters in Nagasaki. Contraditionally, when Japan had the policy of opening the country, he did not go back home. He settled down in Ayutthaya, got success and was very famous. Therefore, there were a lot of Japanese people staying in Ayutthaya with the same reason.


Additionally, Japanese people living in Ayutthaya were skillful in fighting, the same as the Portuguese, as it was mentioned in a book Robthab Jabsuek nai Dan Siam (Wars and Fighting in Siam), and the other one Kwamrungruang lae Joodjob khong Yamada nai Dan Siam (Glory and Death of Yamada in Siam).
An extract of the content is indicated as follows:


The Lonin who survived from the war at Sekigahara and from the fighting at Osaka cassle went on board the Japanese junk which was trvelling to trade at Chomphu Thaweep (India). They stopped by Siam and stayed there

A Sample Illustration of Japanese Samurai (Ancient Japanese Warrior)


From the content referred, it shows that the samurai who lost their boss would become a lonin. They trvelled to Ayutthaya and settled down in the city, and were said to be the first generation of Japanese people who came to Ayutthaya. The Japanese became volunteer soldiers, and worked for Ayutthaya court. Besides, Japanese pirates and crews also travelled and settled down in Ayutthaya, too. Wanwalit, head of the Dutch ware houses in Ayutthaya, wrote down that some of the Japanese asked to go with the ships having the withdrawal slips to Ayutthaya. They became appreciated with the resources and the perfect environment, including a great profit from trading. Therefore, they decided to settle down in Ayutthaya. In addition, the Japanese immigrating to Ayutthaya had different biography and fortunes. All of them hoped to have new lives in Ayutthaya Kingdom. Therefore, the Japanese society in Ayutthaya was rather complicated. Their community had expanded with more people until Japan used the policy of closing the country. That caused the pause of Japanese immigrating to Ayutthaya. Later, the Japanese community became Mooban Yeeboon or The Japanese Village. That was the origin of the Japanese village in Thailand.

Reference
Yoneo, Ishi-I; Tishiharu, Yoshikawa; writers and Khongchana, Phabphueng and others;
translators. (1987). Kwamsamphan Thai Yeeboon Hokroi Bee (Six Hundred Years of
the Relationship between Thailand and Japan) Bangkok: The Humanities and Social
Studies Text Book Project Foundation.