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      ѵʵѹҧ¡Ѻȭ öѺ͹ѧҶ֧ 600 ¤ѹá鹨ҡõԴͷӡäҧͤҢͧ¡ѺͤҪ͡Թ (Okinawa) 㹻ǡ (Ryukyu) ҧ͹ͧ蹨ҡѡҹҧѵʵͧк ;ҳԪҡ͡ԹԹҧҤҢ¡Ѻȵҧ µѹ͡§ ǧ鹤ʵȵɷ14 觵çѺ⢷¢ͧ 㹢зͨҡԹҧѧ͡Թ㹵͹¤ȵɷ 14 Թҷ¹ӢҨҡؤ 觷 ͧ鹴ԹҢͧչ Һ ǹԹҷ蹹Ҩҡ ǹ˭ Ѻ ͧѧš ͧ
      ҧͧ觷ʴ֧ѹҧ¡Ѻȭؤá ͧѧš 㹻Ѩغѹѧ繷ѡҧǭ蹷ͧ鹴Թ ͼ֡ǡѺԸժẺ ѧաªҪѧšСͺ㹾Ը ͡ҡ (Awamori) Ҿͧͧ͡Թ ѹɰҹѺö·ʹԸաüԵçͧѵشԺԵԡ繢Ǣͧ͢㹵С Indica 觵ҧҡ·仢ͧ蹷Եҡǭ蹫繢㹵С Japonica
      ¡اظҡõԴͤҢҧ¡Ѻ蹢µ͡件֧Ҥ蹢ͧ Ѱ⪡عⵡا (Tokugawa) к͡͹حҵͭ蹷ԹҧҤҢµѹ͡§鹤ʵȵɷ 17 ͡͹حҵѺͷҤҢ¡Ѻ繤á㹻 .. 1604 (.. 2147)
      ѡҹҨӹǹͭ蹷ԹҧҤҢѧاظըӹǹҡҷ令Ң¡Ѻ ؤ㹢зԹҢͧ¡Թҧ件֧ͧҧҫҡ (Nagasaki) ͧҷҧ͹ͧ繤á 㹻 .. 1612 (.. 2155) Թҷ蹫ͨҡ㹪ǧդҡ¢ ˹ѧҧ Ҫҧѵ ʹպء еС âµǢͧäҧѹ㹪ǧ վͤҭҵáҡ㹡اظ繨ӹǹҡ 繪ҹ ǡѹؤͧժǭҹѧ٧ش֧ҳ 1,500
      ǭ蹷ҵáҡҹ㹡اظǹ˭ ͤҤҧ㹡ë͢Թҵҧ мѺʹҤʵ ;¾ź˹աèѺͧѰ⪡ع չº¨ӡѴԷҾ㹴ҹʹ ͡ҡѧպҧǹʹյ÷õ觪ԧӹҨ٭¼ӡͧ ͧź˹͡͡ 觤ѧ繼դ㹴ҹظСúе繡պҷ㹡êҪ÷ "ҭ" Ҵ ҧ (Yamada Nagamasa) ˹
Ҵ ҧ ҡҭ
      Ҵ ҧ ѺҧҪķ¨ҡҷçѹҡ Ѻդͺ繾ʹآ յ˹ҡҭ ѡԹ 1,000 ͹͹ôѡ "͡ʹآ" ҵ ѧҡ蹴Թҷçоһҷͧʴ稢鹤ͧҪѵ ͡ʹآѺ任ͧͧոҪ ªԵҡûҺͧѵҹ 㹻 .. 1639 (..2173) ҧá ѡҹҧѵʵͧ蹺ҧǹк ͡ʹآ١ͺѧ¼դ ˵بҡѴǡѺ觪ԧҪѧͧ
      ѧªԵͧ͡ʹآ ҹ㹡اظҡؤ ӹǹǭŴŧ ѧҡ鹨ժǭҾӹѡҹ鹺ҧ Ѱ⪡عⵡاСԹҧ͡͡㹻 .. 1639 (..2182) 觼餹öԹҧ͡͡ ǭ蹷㹡اظҨ֧ըӹǹŴŧӴѺ зҹ㹷ش
      Ҥѹҧ¡Ѻ¡اظҨѧ繤ѹҹäѡ ѡҹҧѵʵ ¡Ѻդѹҧ÷ٵҧѹ¹⪡عⵡا觤зٵԭѹաѺ繤á㹻 .. 1606 (..2149) 稾͡ҷö 㹢з觤зٵ觻ҡ͵ѡҹͧ­ ٵع ԾѲع ԭѹ Ѻȭ繤á㹻 .. 1616 (.. 2159) ҡ´ǡѺԹҧͧзٵ㹤駹ҡѡ
      Ҥзٵͧ«觹 عԪѵ Тعҷ ԹҧԭѹաѺѰ⪡عա㹻 1621 (.. 2164) 㹤駹ѡҹ зٵͧ⪡عѹ 1ѹ¹ ҷͧ (ا㹻Ѩغѹ) ͡ҡ ѧҡѡҹ㹻 .. 1623 (.. 2166) зٵͧ¹ ǧͧط Тعʴ Թҧ仭 ͤͨ͢ҡѰ⪡عʹѺʹع٪㹡úѺاظ ͧҡ㹢йժǭ仵áҡ㹡٪з˹ҷѡɳǡѺ㹡اظ蹡ѹ
      ѧ͹㹤駹 ѧҡѧҹǡѺ͹ͧзٵͧШз觭蹻Դ СاظԴѭ֡ʧѺ õԴҧѰŷͧ¨֧شЧѡҡ 200 ҧá 㹪ǧҧѧաõԴͤҢҧѹҧͧ ¼ҹͤҪѹͧҧҫҡ 繪ͧҧǷѰ⪡عԴ͡äҡѺҧ


      : ҡԷҭ շ 4 Ѻ 14 Ҥ - չҤ 2545

History of Thai and Japanese Relationship

The history of the relationship between Thailand and Japan can be counted retroactively for 600 years. The initial relationship began with the trading between Thai traders and Japanese traders from Okinawa Island in Ryukyu country in the south of Japan. According to Japanese historical foundation, it indicated that commercial ships from Japan had travelled to trade with various countries in Southeast Asia since the beginning of 14th Christian century which was correspondent to Sukhothai period in Thailand. At the same time, commercial ships from Thailand had travelled to Okinawa Island at the late 14th Christian century. The import commodities from Japan were silk and woven fabric, Chinese porcelains and Japanese swords. The import commodities to Japan from Thailand were mostly wood for making dying colors, Sangkhalok wares (name of famous pottery made in its kinds by artisans brought from China in the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai period), spices, liquors, and etc.

The samples of things showing the relationship between Thailand and Japan in the early period were Sangkhalok potteries which are still wellknown among Japanese people who like earth wares or people studying about making tea in Japanese style because they still use earth wares or sangkhalok pottery in the ritual. Apart from this, Awamori, a kind of native Japanese liquors in Okinawa, was said to transmit the methods of Thai arrack locally distilled liquor, and the raw material to produce Awamori is long-grained Thai rice in the family called indica which is different from that used to make Sake, a kind of Japanese liquors which short-grained rice in the family called Japonica is used.

Japanese Junks Used for Trading with Thailand

In Ayutthaya period, the trading between Thailand and Japan expanded to other regions of Japan. The government by Shogun Tokugawa initiated giving licence to Japanese commercial ships trading in Southeast Asia started in early 17th Christian century, and initially gave licences to commercial ships coming to trade with Thailand in 1604 (B.E. 2147).

According to the foundation, there were more Japanese ships coming to trade with Thailand than the amount of ships from other countries. In this period, Thai commercial ships started travelling to Nagasaki, the southern seaport of Japan, in 1612 (B.E. 2155). The products that Japan imported from Thailand were leather of deers, elephants ivories, animal horns, tin and lead. Because of the expansion of trading with each other, more Japanese traders became settling down in Thailand. Later the area became the Japanese community or the Japanese village. It was said that when the trading was in glory, there were about 1,500 Japanese people in the village.

Most Japanese people who settled down in the village in Ayutthaya were dealers in buying and selling various products and people who held their beliefs in Christianity immigrating to escape the capture of the Japanese government who limited the right in religious holding. Some of the immigrants were the ex-samurai who were defeated in fighting for power and lost their leaders, and ran away to Thailand. Some of them had knowledge in using weapons and ways of fighting. Later some of them had roles in Thai military and helped do military affairs. The group of them was called Krom Asa Yeepun (The Military Department of Japanese Volunteers), and their leader was Yamada Nagamasa.

Yamada Nagamasa, the Director of Military Department of Japanese Volunteers

King Songtham had high faith in Yamada Nagamasa, and Yamada was promoted to the rank of Phra Senaphimuk in charge of the director of the Military Department of the Japanese Volunteers, having sakdina (right to the possession of farmland) of 1,000 rai (1 rai equals 1,600 square meters). Later, he was promoted to the rank of Okya Senaphimuk. After King Songtham passed away, King Prasat Thong succeeded to the throne, and Okya Senaphimuk was appointed to rule Nakhon Si Thammarat in the south. He was killed in the fighting to subdue the rebels in Pattani in 1639 (B.E. 2173). However, some parts of the Japanese historical foundation mentioned that Okya Senaphimuk was killed by someone who was jearous on him due to the conflict of fighting for the royal throne in Thailand.

After the death of Okya Senaphimuk, the Japanese village in Ayutthaya became regressed. The amount of Japanese people reduced although there were more Japanese went to stay in the village. When the Japanese government by Shogun Tokugawa prohibited Japanese people to go out of the country in 1639 (B.E. 2182), Japanese people could not go out of their country. As a result, the amount of Japanese people in the village reduced, and finally the village was deserted.
Although the relationship between Thailand and Japan was focused mainly on trading, the historical foundation made beliefs that Thailand and Japan had diplomatic relationship with each other in the period, due to the fact that Shogun Tokugawa initially sent the royal envoys to found the relationship with Thailand in 1606 (B.E. 2149) in the reign of King Ekathosarot. At the same time Thailand sent a group of royal envoys to Japan, mentioned in Japanese document that Wisutsunthon and Pipattanasunthon initially went to found the relationship with Japan in 1616 (B.E. 2159), but details of the envoys trip were not mentioned.
Later a group of Thai royal envoys led by Khun Pichaisombat and Khun Prasat travelled to found relationship with the Shogun government again in 1621 (B.E. 2164). This time, the testimony indicated that the group of envoys went to pay respect to Shogun on September 1 at the Palace in Edo (Tokyo in present). Additionally, a testimony also stated that in 1623 (B.E. 2166), the Thai royal envoys led by Luang Thongsamut and Khun Sawat travelled to Japan in order to ask for participation from the Shogun government not to support Cambodia in fighting against Ayutthaya. Due to the fact that a lot of Japanese people had settled down in Cambodia at that time, and some Japanese people also joined in Cambodian military as volunteer soldiers the same as the Japanese people in Krung Si Ayutthaya.

After that visit, there are also some documents mentioned about the visits of both countries royal envoys from time to time until Japan closed the country, and Krung Si Ayutthaya had wars with the Burmese. As a result, the relationship of the two countries had stopped for nearly 200 years. However, there was still some trading between the two countries continuously. The business was done via Holanda (Holland) traders in Nagasaki which was the only one channel that the Shogun government allowed for foreign trading.

Warasan Witthayu Saranrom (Witthayu Saranrom Magazine), 4th year, 14th edition, January
March, 2002.