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      稾ҡا 稾ҪҸҪاվҪʧСзҧҪ Фѹ յ͡ѹ¼ءҧ ȹ蹤觢зçҷҧöѹ ҧ蹴觡ҷ䢺ô˹ѧѭҷյ͡ѹ͹ ֧çŧСзӡ䢹ѹ ¶ͤª觡ѹСѹҤѡ Щй鹨֧ç觵駼ӹҨͧ ͽ稾ҡا ǧ;ͧ÷Ȼоѹ ͧҪóѹ繷Դ觪ҧ͡жó ӡ᷹ʹҺҡõҧȢͧͧ
      稾ҪҸҪا蹹 Ҵ , ٪ ͧҪóҷԵطª ѤҪٵɼӹҨͧͧ ӹѡѰҪҳҨѡ˹ѧͺӹҨǨ٫觡ѹСѹѹ١ͧҧ ֡ҵŧѹѭ繢 ѧ仹

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      褹㹺ѧѺͧȷѭ 㴽˹ҳࢵдԹᴹͧա˹觹 еͧѺ¡鹨ҡࡳ Ҩ繷ҧͷҧ 㹡ͧûШӡѭ 㹡ͧѡҡûШӪҵ ҷ¡ з¡鹨ҡõͧԹ»Сõҧ ѹѧѺ᷹ࡳ繷 ¡鹡õͧ͡ԹԴ繡úѧѺ ¡ࡳԹ͡Թ͡÷ҧ
      㹺ѧѺͧȷѭ˭ͧ ҳࢵдԹᴹͧȷѭ еͧҾԺó㹷ҧʹ ͺ㨵 ͻԺѵԵТͺѧѺҧ еͧԷͻСͺѡк٪ҵѷԷ赹Ѻ 繡áз੾кؤ 㹷ҧҸóЪ
      㹡÷駻ǧǢͧѺҧСͺصˡ зҧҡԹ зҧҪз 駡Ҷ֧Ш˹«ԷҢͧѾѵԷء 㹺ѧѺͧȷѭ˭㴽˹觵ʹǷءҳࢵдԹᴹͧա˹觹 еͧ㹰ҹҧǡѹѺ㹺ѧѺ ;ͧͧҵԷôªҧ觹鹷ءС

      ôʶҹ ç红ͧ çҹѵҹѵҧ ¢ͧ㹺ѧѺȷѭ˭㴽˹ ҳࢵдԹᴹͧա˹ ʶҹҧ ѹǢͧѺäҢ¡չ ͧѺ繷Ңͧ 仵Ǩͤ͹çҹʶҹҹ˹ ͵Ǩþش˹ѧͺҭ㹹 СзӵѡɳеẺºպѭѵ㹡šͺѧѺҧ Ѻ㹺ѧѺ繪ͧ

      ҧҳࢵԹᴹͧͧ·ѭ˭ еͧաäҢСԹдǡ͡ѹͧ
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      ô ¾.͡÷ҧҪҧŭ. ѧ e-Lang շ Ѻ ͹Զع¹ , ˹ -

The Foundation of the Diplomatic Relationship between Thailand and Japan

King Chulalongkorn

Emperor Meiji in the Meiji Period

After the shogun government ran the policy of closing the country in 1639 (B.E. 2182), Japan had stopped the relationship with other countries until the western counties started pursuing their colonies. Brigadier General Mathew Perry moved American fleets to block Uraga gulf in 1853 (B.E. 2396). The shogun government was imperative to open the country again that brought to the abolishment of the Shogun system. The Emperor turned to gain his power, and this led to the Meiji period in 1868 (B.E. 24141), the same year that King Chulalongkorn succeeded to the throne.

Japan in the Meiji period and Thailand in the reign of King Chulalongkorn happened to be resemblant according to history in many aspects. Both of the kings, King Chulalongkorn and Emperor Meiji not only succeeded to the thrones in the same year, but they were also nearly in the same age. King Chulalongkorn was one year younger than Emperor Meiji, and King Chulalongkorn died in 1910 (B.E. 2453) two years before Emperor Meiji died.

Moreover, the government of the two countries had to confront with colonialism of the western countries. This brought about the same responsibilities of the two kings, the performing of foreign policies to keep independence and national sovereignty in alignment with developing the countries and westernized them to the progress. Both countries began their diplomatic relationship in the reign of these two kings.

However, the relationship of the two countries began when the two kings had been on the thrones for 20 years. Due to the fact that firstly, the foreign policy of Thailand and Japan emphasized on solving problems happened with the powerful western countries that prevented them to make relationship with Asian friends. Their relationship happened after they already signed the contracts with the western countries. The event occurred due to the agreement of their policy in order to solve the problem of inequality with the western world, and to look for allies in Asia.

Krom Phraya Thewawong Waroprakan

In 1887 (B.E. 2430), Krom Phraya Thewawong Waroprakan, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, went to join the 50th anniversary of Queen Victorias reign. He took a chance to visit many Europian countries and the United States of America. He also dropped in to visit Japan. As a result, Japan offered to officially found the diplomatic relationship between each other according to the international format. Therefore, the contract of good relationship was signed on September 26, 1887 (B.E. 2430) in Tokyo. Thailand was the first country that Japan agreed to make a contract with although the contract was only a short document mentioned only the intention of the two parties in exchanging diplomats, promoting trading and operating shipping lines with each other. The signing of this contract had officially founded the diplomatic relationship between Thailand and Japan.

The Japanese government appointed Mr. Manjiro Inagaki to hold the position of the first minister of Japan to the Kingdom of Thailand in March 1897 (B.E. 2440). After that, the friendship contract on commerce with operating shipping lines and diplomacy between Thailand and Japan was signed on February 25, 1898 (B.E. 2441) in Bangkok. Later, King Chulalongkorn appointed Major General Phraya Ritthirongronachet to hold the position of the first minister of Thailand to the Kingdom of Japan, and in the same year, the Legation Office of Thailand was open in Tokyo. It is the fifth Legation Office of Thailand in the foreign countries, and it is the first Legation Office of Thailand in Asia.

Phraya Sri Sena (Ha Sombatsiri)

In 1941 (B.E. 2484), Thailand made an agreement with Japan in exchanging the representative in the embassador level at the legation office in Japan. Therefore, the legation was upgraded to the embassy, and Phraya Sri Sena (Ha Sombatsiri) was promoted from the rank of minister to the rank of Embassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at the office in Tokyo. It was the opening of the first Thai embassy abroad, and it was also the first appointment to the rank of Embassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Thailand.

Since Thailand founded the diplomatic relationship with Japan in 1887 (B.E. 2430), the relationship of both countries has been developed in all aspects, especially the relationship of both countries royal families which has been more intimate since King Prajadhipok, the seventh king of Rattanakosin, and Queen Ramphaipannee visited Japan in April 1931 (B.E. 2474). That was the first Thai royal visit to Japan.

After that there were many visits to Japan by royal chiefs of Thailand. King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Siriki fomally visited Japan in May 1963 (B.E. 2506), and the Crown Prince Akihito and Princess Michiko, his wife, representing the Emperor Hirohito and the Empress formally visited Thailand in return in the following December. After Emperor Hirohito died in January 1989 (B.E. 2532), the Crown Prince Akihito succeeded to the throne in the royal name Emperor Akihito. The new Emperor and the Empress Michiko formally visited Thailand in 1991 (B.E. 2534). That was their first visit to a foreign country and the first visit to a country in Asia. Since then there have been exchanging of visits between the two royal families, especially to join the royal ceremonies and occasions in both countries.

The other aspects of relationship and cooperation between Thailand and Japan mainly involve giving help in techniques and academia from Japan in the reign of King Chulalongkorn, the time that Thailand was developing the country. During this time, Thailand had to hire a lot of foreigners who were skillful in various academias to work as counselors and scholars, and Japanese people were ones of them, for example, Mr. Fujiyoshi Masao who worked as the Thai counselor on laws during 1897-1913 (B.E. 2440-2456) and Mrs. Tetsu Yasui, an educational scholar, that the Japanese government sent to help reforming Thailand education; she was one of the founders of Rachnee School in 1904 (B.E. 2447). There were also scholars in other fields, such as breeding silk worms, medical sciences, engineering, handicraft, and etc.

Thailand and Japan have had good relationship in politics as well. Both countries have political policy in agreement with each other since the foundation of their diplomatic relationship. During the fight against the colonialism of the west, Japan expanded the influence in Asian region to block the western power in Asia. At the same time, Thailand tried to use the benefits from Japan to improve the disadvantageous conditions with the west as well. It is visible from the events before and after the Second World War, for instance, in the meeting of the League of Nations in Jeneva on February 24, 1933 (B.E. 2476), the conclusion telling Japan to withdraw troops from Manjuria. Thailand was only one country who halted the vote, which Japan thought that it was the expression of friendship.
Moreover, when Japan declaired war against the allied countries in the East Asian War, Thailand was neutral at first. But when Japan moved the troops ashore in Thailand, and Thailand had to be on the same side with Japan; Thailand took the chance of Japanese advantages to negotiate with England and France to return the pieces of land that once belonged to Thailand. Although Japan was defeated in the war and Thailand had to lose those pieces of land again, the event showed the intention of the two countries cooperation against the weatern colonialism. Nowadays, Thailand and Japan still have close political relationship; for example, Thailand has supported Japan to obtain more internationally political roles and international stability, especially in East Asian and southeast Asian regions.

The economical relationship between Thailand and Japan has been continuously expanded since Thailand and Japan started founding their diplomatic relationship with each other. It is said to be the most important aspect of relationship between Thailand and Japan at present. The initial relationship was mainly on trading. Japanese traders started running their businesses in Thailand in 1891 (B.E. 2434). Their businesses also included banking. Later, more Japanese people stayed in Thailand. As a result, the Japanese Society was established in 1913 (B.E. 2456).

Warasan Witthayu Saranrom (Witthayu Saranrom Magazine), 4th year, 14th edition, January
March, 2002.