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ظҹ
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Ѳʶҹ
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        ਴Ѵ˭ ѭѡɳⴴͧ ҧҹѹͧ͡اظ з਴ҷͧѭѡɳⴴ蹷ҧҹȵѹ
        ѹɰҹѴ˭ Ѵҧҵ¾ͧ ѧҧاظ ͻ ..1893 ҹѡ ¾ͧشȾͧ 鹾Ъҵä Ң зŧȾʶһҾ਴о Ѵ

        Ѵ Ѵͧʧ׺Ҩҡӹѡͧѹѵѧ 鹷ҧԻʹҸ ͡úǹӤѭ ͸ԺʧӹѡѺ觵 稾ѹѵ 繾ѧҪ¢ (ǹѧҪ«ͽ¤ѹ 稾оطҨ 鹡֡ҾûԮ
Image         Ǻҹ¡Ѵ Ѵ˭ ǡѺҧ਴ͤǷйúоػҪ觾 ظһСȤҳҨѡա駹ѺͧѰóҡâͧ ͤ¡ا駷 1 ..2112 ѧ ֧ͧҧ਴ Ŕ ͧ˹觢ҷѴ ЪѴ֧¹ҡ Ѵ Ѵ˭
        ҡѡɳʶһѵ¡ͧͧ਴բͶ§ҧԪҡ ਴繡ѹ㹻Ѩغѹ鹹ҨŻ¾й³ŧ Żظҵ͹ ҡҷŻظҵ͹ Ǥ ѡҹӹҹоǴèкѴҧ鹵µظ 觡ҧҧ աúóѧó¹ŧ㹷ءؤء ФҺóѧóͧ¹ Ҩ¶֧ҧ ¶֧Ҩеͧʧǹѡҵҧͧҹ ǤԴ 觻ҡ 100 һշҹҹ

кٻ稾й
Image         Ѵҧкٻ稾йûдɰҹ ͧҡ͡ѹҾͧô ҧ਴Ţ (Ѫ ͧزǷ : ¹ اظ)


ʶ
Image         ʶҹ˹Ңͧ਴ ᾧҹҧͧͧʶѧѧѺѡҧʶѧ͹ ͡ѹҹ;ʶҢعҧоҪ (Ҥ Ҩѡþô) Ҫѹ§¹ ͵ѴԹҨѹӡִӹҨҡͧѵعǧҸҪоشҨѹ


ʹ й͹
Image         þй͹Ҵ˭ѡѡѧ վй͹;ʹѹоѡ价ҧȵѹ͡ 价ҧ ͧ١ѡǧ⪤ش¨ѧ ͧѨغѹͧҧ


ҾԷԪ
Image         ҹ˹Ѻþй͹ ҾԷԪ Ңҹ繵ӹҹ 㹤ͧйҧ 稾йҧعѹҡѵ кҪ Ѥբͧкҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ͷзѺʴѧҪѧҧԹ ҧҾ ͻ ..2423 վЪѹ§ 21 觹Ǻҹѡ麹µ꡵Ӥѭ 觷ҧѴǺͧ麹ҹ仺ԨҤ ҡ
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: ظ Discovering Ayutthaya ˹ 72-77
     ҭԷ ɵ óҸԡ