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Image      ͷ¡ѹ ᢡ ѡҹԹҧҵµظ ҨҡԹᴹ 駹պҷ駴ҹɰԨ ä дҹûͧ
      ظ 2 ԡ´¡ѹ ԡª ǹ˭繪ҹ ǹԡ˹ ¨ҡѺ Թⴹ лѵҹ
      ǹ˭ҧ͹ͧй ͧ͡ ᢡҡͧ٨ վШҪ ҡҢ ǺŪ

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           ᢡ 繤ӷ¡Ҩҡ Ѻ ҳҨѡ͵ҹ Թ
           ¾й³վǡ 3,000 㹾йùնҹᢡ ԰˹觢ͧظ Ҥ԰ͧҡ ǡ͡ǡ͡ӻ 駿蹪شش͡оǢ´ ǹԧоҹաعѹ繵Ҵաع վǡᢡҹ¡͡ 蹻ѡ ǹҧ ͧдѺӴ·ͧͧ
           㹴ҹä 繾ͤҷԹҨҡšѧظ ӡҺ ѭ ͧͧ Ѻ ǹԹ͡ҡظ ԡ ҹ ú ѺԹҤҴշҪӹѡظ觢ѧԹວ ҧ 㹻˹ ա͡ҧͧǶ֧ 300 400 ͡




Image           ᢡ˧ ᢡ 繪ͷ¡ҹ ԹͤҢ¡ѺдԹᴹᶺҵ͹ʶһظ ѺʹѲẺš
           ظ· Թ ҹ оͤҪҹ仵駪ͧԹ¡͹ ҹӹǹҡ觧ҹѺʵվͧԹ ١ҹʹ¡ ҵԾѹԹ ҹ ҹªʶҹաä͹ͧ ظ 仨֧ͧչ
           µ͡ойظ ¾ҷç Ӫ ੡Ѵ ͹˹ʹҺաҴ ֧ѺҪҹԹࢵᾧйʹʶҹкҹѡ ١ҹͧ੡ѴպҷԷԾŷҧͧûͧСä׺Ҷ֧ѵԹ
           ¾й³ աèҧ¨ҡԹ繷ѡҾ֧ͧ 200
           ŻѲظջҡ㹧ҹᢹ ҧеҧŻŷѧ³Ҫȹ ѧѴž зѴخմ 繵 ŻСŧҪǴ ෤Ԥͧҧ ջҡó ԷҹҹҪ ʹ駤ӷ Ҩҡ ѡ , Һ Ҩҡ Һ , ͧ Ҩҡ ѧ


ѵҹ
Image            ظҵ͹ ѡҹաùӷʪ˭ԧҡСҢ Ыͤ繷 ͡ҡѧաáҴ͹лѵҹѧظ ա÷ʧҺͧ
           Ѻҹõ ǹᢡҹͻѵҹ 駺ҹ͹ᶺͧ¹ Ѵʹͧ ǡᢡҹշͼҴ 繼Ҿ鹼ǧ§ǧ͡ ѧվͤᢡ ҹ ԹҨҡ蹵ͧҢѧظ¨ʹͤҷҡͧ٨ Թ ҡ Тͧ
           㹤ǡѡѹ͹¾й³ ١дѧ֧ 300 ͪҨеͧӡá֧ҡѹ͹ ѧ ˵ءóǹ ҹٷԴѺҹᢡѡѹ ֧ʹ鹨ҡö١Һ


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           ᢡѡѹ 繡ҡͧҡʫ Ы Թⴹ ժҹ
           㹻¾й³ .. 2229 ѡѹ繡ӷӡá͵͵ҹй³ ͡Ԫ¹ ʹҤʵ բعҧ¡˹˹عѧ ͨ¡͹تҢͧй³繡ѵ᷹ ǡá¡͹ ýظ ӹǹ 1,500 ùӢͧ͡Ԫ¹ ӡûҺᢡѡѹա 100 ҷҹѡѹҧҺҺ
           ѡѹ §Ԫظ ѺáǢҹ֧ªǽ繾ǡ㨡ҺҺ Ǥ 騹ǵ ˵ءó駹ѺȾѡѹ 42 Ⱦ (ѧ 仵) Ѻ 33 Ф١ᷧ¨Ѻǹ


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           ᢡ 繼;¾ҨҡҳҨѡè ࢵ´ ͹ҧ 繪觻ҡἹ¾й³ҵ㹡ᾧй
           Ǩպҷ㹰ҹ繷Ҥ Ҩ վҪѧѹҡ ѧ׺ͧҨ֧ѵԹ ֧ҳҨѡèҨ ¶١´ͺͧ͵͹ظ
           ظ ǨҪվҹҹ䵢 ǹǨѴǿѴʹͧ ͼ觢µҴҼ
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: ظ Discovering Ayutthaya ˹ 91-93
     ҭԷ ɵ óҸԡ



Muslim Community

Muslim or we called “Khak” has resided Siam since early Ayutthaya period. They came from Arabia and Persia. Muslim had influence in term of economic, trading and governing.

There were two types of Muslim in Ayutthaya which were Se-a which were mostly Iran people and Suni whose race was mostly Arab, Indonesian, Malau and Pattani.

Most Muslim community was in the south of city, outside City Island. There were churches of Muslim at the mouth of canal of Kucham. Phra Chula Ratchamontri was the director who took care of Muslim.

Muar

Muar or Khak Muar was the word used to call Muslim who came from Persia, Arab, Kingdom of Ostoman and India.
In the period of king Great Narai, there were about 3000 Muar and there was the road of Ban Khak which was the good brick of Ayutthaya. There were two sides of brick buildings. Muar would sell the rope to ship and junk people. Also, they sale the set of cigarette made from coconut shell. The west of Chikun bridge was Chikun market. There were Muar who sale bangle, hairpin, rings and jewelry made of brass.

In term of trading, Muar was the merchant who bought the product from factories from Muslim world to Ayutthaya such as rose water, Persia carpet, jewelry, cloth and Arab awning. The products imported from Ayutthaya were pepper, gum Benjamin, Cinnamonmum camphora and the best price products that Ayutthaya exported to India and Bengol were elephants. Each year there were exports about 300-400 elephants.

Persia
Persia or Khak Mangon or Khak Chao Cen was the name used for call Iran people. It was believed that Persia has been trading with Siam and this area before the foundation of Ayutthaya. Also, it took religion and Muslim culture into Siam.
Persia people in Ayutthaya were generally Indonesian- Iran because Iran traders have come to settle their community on the port city in India. Most Indian got married with local Indian women. Then, there were half-blood child called Indo-Iran. Those people expanded their community and trading station into the south of Burma, Ayutthaya, Malau and China.

In the past, Persia community was located outside Ayutthaya city. Later, Phrachao Songthum, the community leader named Chek Armud has been promoted to be the minister of Department of interior. Therefore, he has received the land inside the city wall and he was allowed to build religion place and home to live. For this reason, his family had influence on government and trading until Rattanakosin period.

In the period of king Great Narai, Persia soldiers were employed about 200 persons to protect the king.
Persia Culture in Ayutthaya has appeared in many types such as the curved arch from Mokum art at Narai Palace Ratchanivej, Loburi province and Kudeedoa temple. Besoides, there was the art of Rachavadee enamel which was Muslim technique and also appeared in Thai literature such as Phasri from Buksee, Kulab from Ku-lab and A-ngun from Ung-ngun.
Malayu Chava Pattani

In the early of Ayutthaya period, there was evidence that slaves were sale and Cava people were sale to be slave. Furthermore, Malayu and Pattani people were forced to Ayutthaya once there was war against Malayu.

Malayu community was near Portuguese. For Thaini or Pattani people resided on Klong Takien near Wat ChongLord. Thaini or Pattani people would made cloth made of cotton. It was purple fabric with different patterns. Also, there were Malayu-Cava-Pattani traders took the products from their countries to sell in Ayutthaya by boat stopping at Klong Kucham.there were many products such as dominoes, rattan and sea foods.

In the period of Makkasan rebel in the end of King Great Narai, Malayu was mobilized the force about 300 people to join. However, when they know that they must be rebel, the withdraw themselves from the force. Therefore, this event made Malayu village in Makkasan miss the suppress.

Makkasan

Makkasan was people from Marcuza, Silibez island, Indonesia. Their vallage was next to Malayu village.
In the end period of Great king Narai B.C. 2229, Makkasan people was the leader of rebel to resist the Great king Narai Obyawichayen and Christ supported by Thai noble man. This rebel was created to support the younger brother of the Great king Narai to be the king instead. However, the news of rebel was heard, so 1500 Ayutthaya soldiers under leading of Obyawichayen has suppressed Makkasan rebel about 100 persons by firing Makkasan village.
Makkasan rebel had only dagger as a weapon. Therefore, they were known that they were hasty, cruel and fearless. This event was killed about 42 Makkasan people (not included the corps under and on the river) and 33 people were caught and uncountable for stabbed persons.

 

Cham
Cham was emigrated from kingdom of Champa which was located in Middle-South Viet Nam. They were Muslim which appeared on the map in Phra Nakorn in the period of the Great king Narai.

Cham had the role as volunteer soldiers known as Cham volunteer organization. Phra Ratchawang Sun was the head of department. This department has been appeared until Rattanakosin period although Champa would be collapsed and controlled by Viet Nam in the end period of Ayutthaya.

In Ayutthaya, Cham made the Lantri mat for sale and Cham who resided in Wat Keawfah and Wat Chonglord made the cloth for sale at Paphakiew market.
..
Source: Discovering Ayutthaya page 91-93
Chanwith Kasetsiri, Editor.