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Ըաäͧҧ
Ըաäͧҧ


äͧҧྐྵ´
           .....͹觡äͧҧྐྵ´Ըǧ о㹴Թᴹժҧҡ Թ ѧ ᶺѰú ऴ ´鹵͹ͧҧ¡Ѻäͧҧྐྵ´ǧ 蹤

           ͪҧŧͪҧ͹١͹Ҩ֧ྐྵ´֡ǹѡ ͼҹ㹻ա ͧྐྵ´ ѧࡵŧ֡Ҵҡ ͧ§ѧ ҨнҪҧҹѹ֧͡ҧӹ ྐྵ´͡ ôŧ١͹ҹ 繪ҧ͹¶١͹˹ ֡¡Թྐྵ´ ҧǡ¡ "ҧ" 繡÷ҧ͹ѧ¶١͹ ྐྵ´·ء 20-40 ͡ ͪҧྐྵ´º ѡͧѹ觢

           ѹзӡäͧ ШѴҧ 5-7 ͡ ྐྵ´ ͧͤ ͡ ѹ ͡ȹ͡Ҵ鹼ٹҧ 2 ǻҳ 8 ç´ҹ˹觷繺ǧٴ ǹաҹ˹觹ҡѺ͡١ͪҧ ѹǡǻҳ 6 ͡ջѺѴ㹪ͧٴͧ͡ ǹظͪҧ Чظҭ¶

           ǡҧͨж١Ѻ价ҧͧҹѹ ǹҭ¡͡令ྐྵ´ Ѻк͡¡к͡ ͪҧ仾ѹ ŧ¹ͺ ྐྵ´ Ҫҧ͹͡㴨繪ҧͪҧѧ բҴн֡Ѵ ѡ繪ҧҴҧ ٧Ҵ 3 ͡ ѺҧЪ աѡʹǧ仵ԴҪҧ͹ Ъѡ Ъҡ͡ٴԴѺҪҧ ͵Դ ǪҧźѺѧ ҭµͧ͡ŧ价 ¡ ʪҧǹҧѺҨ͡ԴҪҧ͹鹶֧ 蹴ǡ͡١ͪҧ͡͡شԴҪҧ ͹ªҧ͹ж١ͧ͡ 2 ҧ 3 ҧǪҧ͹鹡Ѻ͡ա Ǫ¡ѹҤѹ͡ȷͧͧԴҪҧ ҾѹѺྐྵ´˹ ¡١ҧѹ ü١鹵ͧѺ͡ҡѹǨ֧١ ͪҧ͹֧ ֧ѹ͡Ҵ ͼ١蹴ǡҪҧྐྵ´ҧͧҹѹԴ ⵧ൧ͪҧ͹ѹ繪ҧǹӡʪҧ͡͡Һ ǹҧԴ͡Ȩе͡ ԹᷧᷧԹͧǭҧ ͹ҧ͡ºҹҧҧԴǧȢҧ͡ ·ѹ鹨˭袹ҴҢդǾ;ѹͺͪҧ ¡ · ͼ١͢ҧ͹ ͡§ҡ·١ͪҧ͹Ҽ֡ ͹¼١ҡѺ·ҧͷ 2 ҧ Ҽ֡˹Ҵ ҹôŧ ѧҧ͹ ·˹ҧ͹ ŴҴŧ ǡѹ͡ȷ١͡ Թ͡价ҧҹȵѹ ժҧع Ͷ֧ͧ Ҥѹ͡ȼ١ҡѺྐྵ´ա駼١ҧ͹͡仾鹫ͧ ҳ 6 ͡ ͼ١蹤ǡ鼹֡͡ Դⵧ൧ҧ͹͡ Ъҧ͡͡Ҽ֡ҹ͡ա˹ Ыͧ᤺ ͡͡ ֧ͧ֡駷 2 仼١ҵاç份֡

äͧҧͨѺҧ㹫ͧ
           ..... Ѻҧ㹫ͧ 繡äͧҧ㹤͡ ྐྵ´աԸ˹觷ҡҤ ੾ࢵѧѴѷاСк èѺҧ㹫ͧ繡èѺҧҴ˭ҧ͸ö仼֡ ͷҹѧ ѧ鹨֧кŧ͡价ҧͧҹѹ ͵ͧêҧ͡ ͡㹫ͧǺⵧ൧лⵧ൧Դҡͧ· ͧҹ ·١ ҡ͡Ҵҧ¡ »ա ١ç Ҽ١Ѻ·١ͪҧ͹֧ ˹Ҫҧ͹鹧м١·ա˹ҵǧͧ»ա ١çҧٵõ仴ҹ˹Ҫҧ͹ҳ 1 ٵùҧǼ١Ңҧ ͺҧռ١ 2 2 ʹ͡ ١ѧ 2 ҧ 3-4 ǡѴ͡ҡѺҹͧ öѺҧ͹㹫ͧ繷ѧѺ ͡Ѻ оǡͪҧФҭդӹҭ ֧Ѻ١ Էѹҧ͹зѹ ͼ١ǡԴⵧ൧ҹ˹Ҫҧ͡ ֧ٵ ҧ鹡͡ Դٵ»ա١ ҧ͹աѧ д鹡 ҡ鹴֧ٵҧ͹ºҡѺҵا 觻ѡҡͧ ѧҺ Ҽ֡ ֧Ըô ͹ç˭ǡ§Ҩͧ ÷Ѻҧ˭ѡ§ʹǹҡкͺӨҡ ١Ѻ١ҧ֡

èѺҧԸҧ
           èѺҧԸҧǧ 繡èѺ شբҴ 6 ͡ ҧ 1 ֡ 5 ͡ ШеԴҧ͹ 2-3 ͡ شҡ 4 ҹͧдԹѺҧ ҡ ԹźѺҡ ͪҧʧ ͡ش鹵ͧ͡㹫͡͡ 繻ҪԴ㴡 ͧ繷ҧԹͧҧ ¡ ҹҧ ͡ǡТشҧҹҧ 餹ҳ 10 ¡ѹҧ оçԹǴҹ ͪҧ觨ǹж֧ҧͧҧ Ƿç оѴŧ ҡ鹾ǡҭЪ¡ѹӫͧҧѺҧһ͡˹Ƿش зӫͧ͹ҧе ǡ͹ҢҴ˭ ŧ ͹ ҧöºǢ鹺ҡҫͧͪҧҫͧǡ ͹ʹҧ˹ҡѺѧҧ֧ Ǥҹ͡ҷҧͧ͡ ͡Ѵ⤹蹡Ѻҫͧ ͡Ѵѧա˹ͧ˹ա˹ ǺԴѹҧ͡˹ 駹Ѵ⤹Ѻ·ҧͧҧҧŧ ǡӪҧº Ѵ͵ԴѺҧ ͫͧ͡ ҡ鹹Ӫҧ§ѺҧǡѺ᫡⾹ҧ

äͧҧ͡èѺҧҧ
           äͧҧ͡èѺҧҧӹ ͧ繷Żҷͧ觷չ֡繺dzҧͺҡԹ ҧѹСҧ׹ èѺҧҧӹͧѺ੾Сҧѹ繾˹᷹ҧ ҳ 10 3 ͷССǵҪҧ ͹еͧ駾˹᷹ҧҳ 10 3 ͷССǵҪҧ ͹еͧ駾ж դͷç ¶ҧ ǹͧ ǡѺѹ պǧԴ ǧҧҤѹ ͡ҧҳ͡׺ ͡ҢҴ˭Ң᷹͡ȷӴ˹ѧ

           Ըդͧѹҧ ͧ¡ǧ鹾ҴǪҧ任ҳ 1 ͡ 駺ǧŧ㹹Ӥ˹ ͪҧ¡ǧ鹻Ѵǧ ͧպŧ㹹ѧкǧʹҧҧҧǴ ٴ ǧشҡͪҧ ͷູͧ͡ҡ·ͧ͡ǧѺ 仴 ҧ١ͧպ¹˹仢ҧ˹ ǡͷִ͡ж͡ҹ 仵ҧҧ ҧ˹͹ѧ ҧͫ觤շѺѴԴѺͪҧ͡ ¹ͧ͵ԴѺͪҧ ǡǧͧ͡ҡͪҧ ǹ§Ѻ͵͡й份֡͵

ԸըѺҧԸҧ
           èѺ ҧԸҧ͹ ԸըѺҧաԸ˹ ҧ͹š仨Ѻѵ쪹Դ ᷹ҧ Ѻҧѧ ͧ§Ẻ Ҫҧ㹻ͧ ͡˭١Դ仴 ҧѧ繪ҧ͹١֡ҧ㹡ü١͡ ШѺѵǡǡѹ

           ҧ͹͹һ ҢͧоҺ觵Ǫͧ м١͡ ǻһ ǹͧҧ ͪҧ;ҧҡͧԧѡҹ ͪҧʹ㨡 ǧٺӨҧҵ ͡Դ仹ǧ١Ҫҧ騹 Ъҧ͹ӹҭǴ ͹餹

           ǹҧҷ繵Ǽ Ҩ֡Ҷ١١Ѻ ʹդҧҶ֧¡͹ ˹ͨ趹Ѵ ͡Ѵ ҷѹѺҼ֡ йҽ֡Ѵҹ

Ũҡ : ѧҧظ ྐྵ´

The method of elephant catching


Elephant catching in the corral
          .....Elephant catching in the corral in the past did not have only in royal ceremony but it also found in the area which had many wild elephant such as South India, Lungka and Malaysia in state of Thaiburi or Keda. The method for catching elephant is similar to elephant catching in the royal corral as follow.

          When a group of elephant was drove to the corral, it did not feel fear anymore. However, it felt clearly afraid when passed the brace of the corral. It would make a loud noise. However, it cannot break elephants that block the outdoor, so they followed the elephant leader into the corral. The wild elephant that has been driven many times, they will feel familiar and will enter to the corral easily. Those elephant were called Chang Vien and they would lead about 20- 40 elephants in to the corral as well. When they were in the corral, they would stay waiting for tomorrow.

          In the date of catching, 5-7 elephants were diven into the corral. There awere the tools consisting of rope, hook, axe and cicle rope. The rope has 2 inchs of diameter and 8 wah of length. The end of rope was made the lasso that can be loosen and another side of rope was hooked with the rope tied up with the neck of elephant. The axe handle had 6 cubit of length and it had the tapering tip for insert in the loosen rope. For the hook, it is the weapon of elephant controller.

          the leader of elephant will be diven to the West and the mahout try to place the ropes over the edge of corral. When elephants were in the corraltogether, they would drive the group of elephant in the corral. When saw the male or female elephant that is fit for job or training which those elephant always has the medium size, 3 cubits of height, then drive the leader of elephant to catch and then the mahout will thrown the lasso to the leg of elephant and then pull the rope to tie the leg of elephant. Then pull the elephant and mahout must leave the rope that called Bor. The elephant will be tied with 3 and 3 lasso. Then the mahout will tight the rope linked with the legs of elephant, with the corral. To tight the rope, the lasso must be equal so that when it was pulled by elephant, it will not torn. Then take the elephant into the corral in the west. When it can not go out from the corral, it will act madly and make a loud noise. Later, take the Saitham to tight around the neck of elephant and link it together with Saitham of another elephant and then pour water to its neck, head and back to make it calm down. When finish it, then loosen the rope from the pillar and led it to the west followed it by another elephant and then let it go, except the selected elephant. Then tight the selected elephant with the pillar in the training hall.

Catching elephant in the stall

           .....Driving elephant in stall is one method for catching elephant in stable or corral. It is very popular in the south, especially Pattalung and Kabi. Catching elephant in stall is a method for catch the big elephant which can notbe caught by elephant used as a decoy. Therefore, a group of elephant will be released to the west. When they want any of them and it enter to the stall, the controller will release the four sticks above the door of enclosure to open the stall and tight its neck with Saitham tightening. Then, tight another Saitham with Sai Peakkai which used to tight the ivory which has one of Saisoot . Saisoot will use for tight only one ivory or both. Then, tight its legs for 3-4 times with the lasso. When finish tighting, mahouts will open the front of four sticks above the door of enclosure and pull Saisoot. The elephant will try to run out but it can not go out because of Saisoot and Peakkai which tight its legs. Then pull the elephant to close with Talung pillar which is sticked at the door of stall. However, the elephant will not be allowed to take a bath and we provide them water and then take them to the hall to feed until tame. However, the big elephant always died because it was hit during training.

Catching elephant by trap

          catching elephant by trap is a minor catching because the trap has only 6 cubit of hight, one wah of width and 5 cubits of depth. The wild elephant will be trapped about 2-3 each times. The hole must be eroped for place some small wood covered with soil or leaf on the hole so that elephant will not know that is a big hole. The area for make the hole must choose the area near the brook or the footheel in any kind of forest but it must be the path for elephant which is called elephant barrier. When found the appropriate area, then dig out the hole at the center of barrier and other 10 people drive the elephant and try to drive them to the hole. When they come near the hole, people will acclaim to frighten the elephant and then they will not be careful and finally feel down into the hole. Then, the mahout will help each other to make a stall for control elephant and they will leave the logs in the hole so that the elephant can tread on the log out of the hole and step to the collar. When elephant is in the collar, insert the log under the front and back legs of elephant in order to bind elephants body. The person who was outside use the rope to tie its legs with the log and also tie with the back leg and hook the front leg as well. Then, leave the elephant up and take the collar out and then tie the elephant with the three.

Catching the elephant in the water

          elephant catching or catching elephant in the water must be made in the field that has the deep water and the area that elephants like to make a living in both day and night. Catching elephant in the water must be made during the day only and the ship for transport elephant must have 10 and each ship must be 3 wah of length. The ships will find for the wild elephant. The paddler must be strong. Their helper must be in the center of ship and the hooker will be the front of ship. The hooker will have the lasso at the tip of cane and the lasso will have about one cubit and it made from leather.

          To hook elephant, it will be done when catch up with the elephant. The follower will left up the lasso over their head about 1 cubit and leave the lasso into water. If the elephant use its trunk to sweep the lasso, the hooker must rapidly press the wood into water so that the lasso will tie up elephants neck and then pull the rope or hook tightly so that the hook will not lose. The boat used for hooking will turn out from the hook or rope and then leave the hook with the boat. The hooked elephant will swim ahead and finally it will be very tired until it can not continue swimming. After that, the elephant used as a decoy that wait at the riverside and has string for tieing the neck of elephant. Then, the string will be used tie the elephant with the three in order to cover with a band and train.

Method for catching elephant by using the elephant used as a decoy

          catching elephant by using the elephant used as a decoy is one method for catching elephant. This is different from the way to catch other animals such as bird because instead of using the male elephant, they will use female elephant which was feed freely and go for food in the wild itself. Also, they will have the big rope with it all time. This female elephant was trained to catch other elephant for human very well.

          Elephant used as a decoy will be taken to take a bath and dress with the rope very well before enter to the forest. However, the owner will farly follow. When it found the wild elephant, it will make a loud noise as if they greet each other. When the wild elephant is interested, they will use their trunk touch the wild elephant. Then they will tight the legs of wild elephant with the prepared rope and it can tight or tie a nod very fast as well as human.

          For the wild elephant, when it will realize its error, the follower can catch them already and then they will be caught to train to work as well.

Source : Wanf Chage Ayutthaya and the corral